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Housing sector is a ‘low performer’ across the UK, study shows

Despite the bounce-back of the property market, Housing and Jobs & Economic prosperity are recorded as the worst-performing measure for the second consecutive quarter where affordable housing is concerned.

Legal & General’s Rebuilding Britain Index (RBI) reveals London (50/100), the South East (52/100) and the South West (52/100) are falling behind the rest of the UK on access to quality affordable housing.

Meanwhile, Wales (52/100) and the North East of England (54/100) remain behind on Jobs and Economic Prosperity.


Only a quarter of people across the UK (24%) agree that there is local investment making a discernible impact where it is most needed, underlining the importance of scaling up and speeding up developments across the country.

The index demonstrates that there is a long road to rebuild the UK economy and level up the regionals. In particular, more investment is needed to deliver affordable housing and greater employment opportunities.

The RBI was established to measure the UK’s progress in levelling up on a quarterly basis, surveying 20,000 people and tracking social and economic progress across 52 measures, including Health and Social Care, Education, Housing, Jobs & Economic Prosperity, Environment, Energy, Transport and Digital.

In Q2 2021, the index has remained flat at 64/100 despite positive GDP growth over recent months and the announcement of several significant investments which will improve economic growth opportunities. These have included investments such as Legal & General’s new £1.5 billion new innovation district, ID Manchester, and its major urban regeneration scheme at Bristol Temple Island, together creating 12,000 new jobs over the next 15 years.

Due to timescales needed to bring significant schemes forward, unemployment and earnings measures remain low with the Jobs and Economic Prosperity score remaining at 60/100.

Elsewhere, the Housing index score (which measures ease of access to quality, affordable housing) has fallen marginally to 59/100 – meaning it is now the poorest performing measure across the index. With latest data from the Land Registry showing house prices remain 8.9% up on 2020 and house building activity remaining depressed, it is house prices (as a proportion of average earnings) and perceived access to affordable quality starter homes that score most poorly on the index.

According to Legal & General, the latest data suggests that communities remain economically cautious as the UK exits the Covid-19 pandemic and that it will take time for investments and major new schemes to make their presence felt locally.

Nigel Wilson, chief executive officer at Legal & General, comments: “Building Back Better is not going to happen overnight. And with ongoing restrictions on movement and social distancing, it is perhaps no surprise to see the index has remained flat in Q2 2021.”

“GDP has improved, and several largescale investments have been announced, including Vauxhall’s announcement to produce electric vans in Ellesmere Port and Nissan committing to battery production in Sunderland.”

He adds: “Legal & General has also made significant commitments this year, including a £1.5bn new innovation district in Manchester set to create thousands of jobs and a £1.5bn development in North Horsham, bringing forward thousands of low-cost homes, alongside a new school for 1,600 pupils. But despite this we are seeing no change in community sentiment.”

Wilson says the longer we wait in bringing forward further major schemes, the greater the risk of existing inequalities between and within communities deepening further.

“As we begin the long road to recovery, it is up to all businesses and government to step up and invest in the growth opportunities. As the economy continues to unlock, so will our ability to start to act on these opportunities,” he concludes.


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